Women and Caregiving: Facts and Figures - Family Caregiver Alliance (2023)

By the National Center on Caregiving at Family Caregiver Alliance and was reviewed by Phyllis Mutschler, Ph.D.

Who Are the Caregivers?

Most older persons with long-term care needs—65%—rely exclusively on family and friends to provide assistance.1 Another 30% will supplement family care with assistance from paid providers.2 Care provided by family and friends can determine whether older persons can remain at home. In fact, 50% of the elderly who have a long-term care need but no family available to care for them are in nursing homes, while only 7% who have a family caregiver are in institutional settings.3

Within our complex system of long-term care, women’s caregiving is essential in providing a backbone of support. In fact, the value of the informal care that women provide ranges from $148 billion to $188 billion annually.4 Women provide the majority of informal care to spouses, parents, parents-in-law, friends and neighbors, and they play many roles while caregiving—hands-on health provider, care manager, friend, companion, surrogate decision-maker and advocate.5

Many studies have looked at the role of women and family caregiving. Although not all have addressed gender issues and caregiving specifically, the results are still generalizable to women because they are the majority of informal care providers in this country. Consider:

  • An estimated 66% of caregivers are female. [Updated February 2015] 6, 7

  • The average caregiver isa 49 year old woman who works outside the home and provides 20 hours per week of unpaid care to her mother. [Updated 2015] 8

  • Although men also provide assistance, female caregivers may spend as much as 50% more time providing care than male caregivers.9

Women’s Long-Term Care Needs

Women are the major providers of long-term care in this country, but they also have long-term care needs of their own. Women live longer than men, tend to outlive their spouses, and have less access to retirement savings such as pensions. In 2010, almosteight percent of all women were age 65 or older10 [Updated February 2015]. A common scenario is an older woman who cares for her husband and who discovers that there are few resources—financial or otherwise—to meet her own needs for assistance. For example:

  • Women who were 65 in the year 2014 can expect to live another24 years to age 86.11 [Updated February 2015]

  • In 2005, almost half(48%) of women age 75+ were living alone; compared to less than one quarter (22%) of men.12 [Updated February 2015]

  • In 2005,one in nineolderwomen aged 75+ and one in five aged 85 or older, needed assistance with daily activities.13 [Updated February 2015]

Women, Work and Caregiving

The number of working women age 55 and older is projected to increase by 52% between 2000 and 2010, from 6.4 million to 10.1 million.14 As workforce participation increases, caregiving could pose even greater financial challenges for many women workers, due mostly to lost wages from reduced work hours, time out of the workforce, family leave or early retirement.

This time out of the workforce for caregiving may compound the impact of earlier leave taken to care for a child. Further, caregiving is expensive in and of itself. Whether it’s paying for prescription medications, installing a ramp for a wheelchair-bound care recipient, or purchasing consumable supplies, caregiving has a significant economic impact on a family. Women who are family caregivers are 2.5 times more likely to than non-caregivers to live in poverty and five times more liekly to recieve Supplemental Security Income (SSI).15 [Updated February 2015]. Furthermore, a 2011 study by MetLife found that 23% of non-working and 20%of working female caregivers are providing financial assistance to parents that they are caring for.16[Updated February 2015]

While the costs of providing care are high, the demands on caregivers’ time are also substantial. Estimates indicate that some 20 percent of all female workers in the United States are family caregivers.17 [Updated February 2015]. But women don’t abandon their caregiving responsibilities because of employment. Instead, they cope—to the best of their abilities—with the combined pressures of caring for a loved one, their need for income, reliance on often inadequate public programs and fewer employment-related benefits.18 Unmarried women caregivers may have even fewer options for balancing work and caregiving.19

One national study on women and caregiving highlighted the conflicting demands of work and eldercare. The study found that:20

  • 33% of working women decreased work hours
  • 29% passed up a job promotion, training or assignment

  • 22% took a leave of absence

  • 20% switched from full-time to part-time employment

  • 16% quit their jobs

  • 13% retired early

Other research paints a similar picture. For example:

  • The negative impact on a caregivers retirement fund is approximately $40,000 more for women than it is for men.21 [Updated Februrary 2015]

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  • More intense caregiver responsibilities tend to have a greater impact on the odds of retiring. Women who provide assistance to multiple family members or friends have 50% higher odds of retiring than non-caregiving women.22
  • Caregiving reduces paid work hours for middle aged women by about 41 percent. 23 [Updated Februrary 2015]
  • In total, the cost impact of caregiving on the individual female caregiver in terms of lost wages and Social Security benefits equals $324,044. 24 [Updated Februrary 2015]

Caregiving places a further strain on the precarious nature of many women’s retirement income, particularly since time out of the workforce does not only have short-term financial consequences. For most women, fewer contributions to pensions, Social Security and other retirement savings vehicles are the result of reduced hours on the job or fewer years in the workforce. Women caregivers are:25

  • Significantly less likely to receive a pension and, when they do, the pension is about half as much as those that men receive.

  • Likely to spend an average of 12 years out of the workforce raising children and caring for an older relative or friend.26

Complicating the picture, researchers have found that women who reduced their work hours while caregiving did not increase work hours once caregiving had stopped.27 Additionally, caregivers who return to full-time employment after caregiving are more likely to: 28

Caregiving also has a substantial impact on business. Absenteeism, replacing employees who quit in order to provide care and other caregiving-related activities can have serious financial consequences to employers. For instance:29

  • The cost to businesses to replace women caregivers who quit their jobs because of their caregiving responsibilities has been estimated at $3.3 billion.

  • Absenteeism among women caregivers due to caregiving responsibilities costs businesses almost $270 million.

  • The cost to businesses because of partial absenteeism (e. g., extended lunch breaks, leaving work early or arriving late) due to women’s caregiving has been estimated at $327 million. Caregiving-related workday interruptions add another $3.8 billion to the burden borne by businesses.

Health Consequences of Women’s Caregiving

The toll that caregiving takes is not just financial. Higher levels of depression, anxiety, and other mental health challenges are common among women who care for an older relative or friend. Studies find that men respond to caregiving responsibilities in a fundamentally different way. Women tend to stay home to provide time-consuming care to one or more ill or disabled friends or family members, while men respond to loved one’s needs for support by delaying retirement, in part to shoulder the financial burden associated with long-term care.30 The impact of the women’s intensive caregiving can be substantial.

One four-year study found that middle-aged and older women who provided care for an ill or disabled spouse were almost six times as likely to suffer depressive or anxious symptoms as were those who had no caregiving responsibilities.31 It’s not only care for a spouse that can affect mental health, however. The same study found that women who cared for ill parents were twice as likely to suffer from depressive or anxious symptoms as noncaregivers.32

One in five female caregivers age 18 to 39 said that stress was nearly always present in their lives; nearly twice as many as those who were not caregivers and for male caregivers. 33[Updated February 2015] The negative impact on carers’ relationships and social networks due to their reduced ability to participate in activities outside their caring role can lead to carers’ experiencing social isolation, which in turn can impact on their psychological wellbeing. Studies have demonstarted that women are more vulnerable than men to the effect of reduced social support. 34 [Updated February 2015]

A particularly strong factor in determining the mental health impact of providing care is the amount of care per week that a woman provides. One study found a marked increase in risk among women who provided 36 or more hours per week of care to a spouse. Researchers concluded that there may be a threshold of time involvement beyond which the likelihood of mental health consequences rapidly escalates.35

The incidence of symptoms or experiences are not limited to depression. Various studies have identified other common hallmarks of women’s caregiving experience:

  • A higher level of hostility and a greater decline in happiness for caregivers of a family member.36

  • Greater increases in symptoms of depression, less “personal mastery” and less self-acceptance.37

  • High caregiving-related stress.38

Compounding this picture, physical ailments are not uncommon. Researchers found that more than one-third of caregivers provide intense and continuing care to others while suffering from poor health themselves.39 Additionally, a 1999 study indicated that as compared to noncaregivers, women caregivers were twice as likely not to fill a prescription because of the cost (26% vs. 13%).40 Elderly women caring for a loved one who has dementia may be particularly susceptible to the negative health effects of caregiving because they receive significantly less help from family members for their own disabilities.41 To highlight this, a 2003 study found that over one in four (26%) of female caregivers reported fair to poor health compared to 12% of women generally.42 [Updated February 2015]

The physical impact of providing care can lead to long-term care needs for the caregiver. For example:

(Video) Caregiving 101: Exploring the Complexities of Family Caregiving

  • A national survey found that 21% of female carers’ had mammograms less often. 43 [Updated February 2015]

  • As many as two out of three older women do not take advantage of preventive health services due to lack of information and high out-of-pocket costs.44

  • 25% of women caregivers have health problems as a result of their caregiving activities.45

  • Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one physical risk factor of caregiving. Women who spend nine or more hours a week caring for an ill or disabled spouse increase their CHD risk twofold.46

  • Other health effects include elevated blood pressure and increased risk of developing hypertension; lower perceived health status; poorer immune function; slower wound healing; and an increased risk of mortality.47

Despite the physical and emotional tolls of caregiving and risk factors for disease, women caregivers are less likely to have their own health needs met. One study found that women providing care to an ill/disabled spouse were more likely to report a personal history of hypertension, diabetes and hypercholesterolemia. These same caregivers were also slightly more likely to smoke and consume more saturated fat.48 Additionally, compared to non-caregiving women: 49

  • 25% (vs. 17%) rated their own health as fair or poor

  • 54% (vs. 41%) had one or more chronic health conditions

  • 51% (vs. 38%) exhibited depressive symptoms

  • 16% (vs. 8%) were twice as likely in the past year not to get needed medical care

  • 25% (vs. 16%) had difficulty getting medical care

It is clear that caregiving can have negative health effects. It is important to note, however, that although caregiving can exact physical, emotional and financial tolls, it can also be rewarding. Some women caregivers:

  • Reported a caregiver “gain”: more purpose in life than their noncaregiving women peers.50
  • Reported beneficial effects including more autonomy, more personal growth and more self-acceptance when caring for friends.51

Minority and Low-Income Caregivers

Minority and low-income caregivers may face additional challenges. The poverty rate for single African American women over the age of 65 is 30.7%, for single Hispanic women it is 40.8%.52 [Updated February 2015]For these caregivers, accessing paid sources of care may be particularly difficult. In fact, lower-income caregivers are half as likely as higher-income caregivers to have paid home health care or assistance available to provide support for and relief from their caregiving functions.53

  • One study concluded that the caregiving time burden falls most heavily on lower-income women: 52% of women caregivers with incomes at or below the national median of $35,000 spend 20+ hours each week providing care.54

Support Systems for Women Caregivers

Because of the multi-faceted role that family and informal caregivers play, they need a range of support services to remain healthy, improve their caregiving skills and remain in their caregiving role. Caregiver support services include information, assistance, counseling, respite, home modifications or assistive devices, support groups and family counseling. While many services are available through local government agencies, service organizations, or faith-based organizations, employers are beginning to implement workplace support programs as one way to mitigate the impact that caregiving can have on workers.

Frequently, support services can make a real difference in the day-to-day lives of caregivers. Research has shown, for example, that counseling and support groups, in combination with respite and other services, have positive direct effects on health behavior practices55[Updated February 2015] and assist caregivers in remaining in their caregiving role longer, with less stress and greater satisfaction. In fact, women are more than twice as likely as men to say that they would benefit from talking to someone about their caregiving experience.56 Further, some studies have shown that actual linkages to services in lieu of information-only programs are more beneficial to caregivers.57Because women’s labor force participation continues to grow, employer-sponsored programs will become an increasingly vital resource for women who both work and provide care to a loved one.


1 U.S. Administration on Aging. (2000, Fall). America’s families care: A report on the needs of America’s family caregivers. Retrieved (March 26, 2003) from https://acl.gov/carenetwork/report.html

2 Ibid.

3 Ibid.

4 Calculation based on estimates of women caregivers as a percentage of all caregivers ranging from 59% to 75% and findings from: Arno, P. S. (2002, February). The economic value of informal caregiving, U.S., 2000. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry, Florida.

5 Navaie-Waliser, M., Feldman, P. H., Gould, D. A., Levine, C. L., Kuerbis A. N., & Donelan, K. (2002). When the caregiver needs care: The plight of vulnerable caregivers. American Journal of Public Health, 92(3),

6 The National Alliance for Caregiving and AARP. (2009). Caregiving in the U.S. National Alliance for Caregiving. Washington, D.C.

7 Ibid.

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8 AARP (2011). Valuing the Invaluable 2011 update. assets.aarp.org/rgcenter/ppi/ltc/i51-caregiving.pdf

9 Family Caregiver Alliance. (2001). Selected Caregiver Statistics (Fact Sheet). San Francisco, CA: Author.

10 U.S. Census Bureau. (2010, March). The Older Population: 2010. Retrieved (January, 2015) fromhttps://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-09.pdf

11 Social Security Administration. (2014). Calculators: Life Expectancy. Retrieved (January 2015) from http://ssa.gov/planners/lifeexpectancy.htm

12 AARP Public Policy Institute. (2002). Women and long-term care (Fact Sheet). Washington, DC: Gregory, S. R., & Pandya, S. M.

13 AARP Public Policy Institute. (2005) National Health Interview Survey. Retrieved (January 2015) from https://www.aarp.org/home-garden/livable-communities/info-2007/fs77r_ltc.html

14 Francese, P. (2003, March). Trend ticker: Investing in demographics. American Demographics.

15 Rice University. (2004). Rice University Sociologists Calculate Caregivers Risk of Living in Poverty. Retrieved (February 2015) fromhttp://news.rice.edu/2004/08/16/rice-university-sociologists-calculate-caregivers-risk-of-living-in-poverty/

16 MetLife (2011) The MetLife Study of Caregiving Costs to Caregivers. Retrieved (January 2015) from https://www.caregiving.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/mmi-caregiving-costs-working-caregivers.pdf

17 AARP. (2012). Understanding the Impact of Family Caregiving on Work. Retrieved (January 2015) from https://www.aarp.org/content/dam/aarp/research/public_policy_institute/ltc/2012/understanding-impact-family-caregiving-work-AARP-ppi-ltc.pdf

18 Pavalko, E. K., & Artis, J. E. (1997). Women’s caregiving and paid work: Causal relationships in late midlife. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 52B(4), 170–179.

19 Ibid.

20MetLife Mature Market Institute, National Alliance for Caregiving, & The National Center on Women and Aging. (1999, November). The Metlife juggling act study: Balancing caregiving with work and the costs involved.

21 MetLife (2011) The MetLife Study of Caregiving Costs to Caregivers. Retrieved (January 2015) from https://www.caregiving.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/mmi-caregiving-costs-working-caregivers.pdf

22 Dettinger, E., & Clarkberg, M. (2002). Informal caregiving and retirement timing among men and women: Gender and caregiving relationships in late midlife. Journal of Family Issues, 23(7), 857–879

23 Johnson, R. & Sasso, L. (2006) The Impact of Elder Care on Women’s Labor Supply. Inquiry 43: 195-210. 2006.

24 MetLife (2011) The MetLife Study of Caregiving Costs to Caregivers. Retrieved (January 2015) from https://www.caregiving.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/mmi-caregiving-costs-working-caregivers.pdf

25 Older Women’s League. Women and long-term care. Retrieved (April 7, 2003) from http://www.owl-national.org

26 Social Security Administration. (2002, February). Women and Social Security (Fact Sheet). Washington, DC: Author.

27 Pavalko, E. K., & Artis, J. E. (1997). Women’s caregiving and paid work: Causal relationships in late midlife. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 52B(4), 170–179.

28 Dettinger, E., & Clarkberg, M. (2002). Informal caregiving and retirement timing among men and women: Gender and caregiving relationships in late midlife. Journal of Family Issues, 23(7), 857–879.

29 Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, & National Alliance for Caregiving. (1997, June). The Metlife study of employer costs for working caregivers. Connecticut: Metropolitan Life Insurance Company.

30Dettinger, E., & Clarkberg, M. (2002). Informal caregiving and retirement timing among men and women: Gender and caregiving relationships in late midlife. Journal of Family Issues, 23(7), 857–879.

31Press Release (2002, August). Reverberations of family illness: A longitudinal assessment of informal caregiving and mental health status in the nurses’ health study. American Journal of Public Health.


33 MetLife Mature Market Institute, National Alliance for Caregiving & University of Pittsburgh Institute on Aging (2010). The MetLife Study of Working Caregivers and Employer Health Care Costs: New Insights and Innovations for Reducing Health Care Costs for Employers.

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34 Womens Health Victoria (2008) Women and Informal Caregiving. Retrieved (January 2015) from http://prestohost32.inmagic.com/Presto/GetDoc.axd?ctID=ZWY0M2Q0ZmQtNzVjZi00OTc5LWE0MmUtZjllYmYwNDNlYmU0&rID=MjY4MQ==&pID=MzE1&attchmnt=False&uSesDM=False&rIdx=NjI3&rCFU=

35 Press Release (2002, August). Reverberations of family illness: A longitudinal assessment of informal caregiving and mental health status in the nurses’ health study. American Journal of Public Health

36 Marks, N. Lambert, J. D., & Choi, H. (2002). Transitions to caregiving, gender, and psychological well-being: A prospective U.S. national study. Journal of Marriage and Family, 64, 657–667.

37 Ibid.

38 Gallant, M. P., & Connell, C. M. (1998). The stress process among dementia spouse caregivers: Are caregivers at risk for negative health behavior change? Research on Aging, 20(3), 267–297.

39 Navaie-Waliser, M., Feldman, P. H., Gould, D. A., Levine, C. L., Kuerbis A. N., & Donelan, K. (2002). When the caregiver needs care: The plight of vulnerable caregivers. American Journal of Public Health, 92(3), 409–413.

40The Commonwealth Fund. (1999, May). Informal caregiving (Fact Sheet). New York: Author.

41Langa, K. M., Chernew, M. E., Kabeto, M. U., Herzog, A. R., Ofstedal, M. B., Willis, R. J., et al. (2001). National estimates of the quantity and cost of informal caregiving for the elderly with dementia. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 16(11), 770–778.

42 Austrailian Bureau of Statistics (2004) Disability, Aging and Carers Australia: Summary of Findings.

43 National Alliance for Caregiving & Evercare. (2006) Evercare Study of Caregiversin Decline: A Close-up Look at the Health Risks of Caring for a Loved One.

44U.S. Administration on Aging. (2000). Older Women (Fact Sheet). Retrieved (April 3, 2003) from https://acl.gov/naic/may2000/factsheets/olderwomen.html

45Older Women’s League. Women and long-term care. Retrieved (April 3, 2003) from http://www.owl-national.org

46Lee, S. L., Colditz, G. A., Berkman, L. F., & Kawachi, I. (2003). Caregiving and risk of coronary heart disease in U.S. women: A prospective study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 24(2), 113–119.

47 Ibid.

48 Ibid.

49 The Commonwealth Fund. (1999, May). Informal caregiving (Fact Sheet). New York: Author.

50Marks, N. Lambert, J. D., & Choi, H. (2002). Transitions to caregiving, gender, and psychological well-being: A prospective U.S. national study. Journal of Marriage and Family, 64, 657–667.


52Administration on Aging (2011) Profile of Older Americans. Retrieved (January 2015) from https://acl.gov/Aging_Statistics/Profile/2011/docs/2011profile.pdf

53The Commonwealth Fund. (1999, May). Informal caregiving (Fact Sheet). New York: Author.


55Corry, M. While, A., Neenan, K. & Smith, V. (2014) A Systematic Review of Intervention for Caregivers of People with Chronic Conditions. Retrieved (January 2015) from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jan.12523?deniedAccessCustomisedMessage=&userIsAuthenticated=false

56National Alliance for Caregiving, & AARP. (1997). Family Caregiving in the US: Findings from a national survey. Washington, DC: National Alliance for Caregiving & AARP.

57 Whittier, S., Coon, D., & Aaker, J. (2002, April). Caregiver support interventions (Research Brief No. 10). Washington, DC: National Association of State Units on Aging.


Family Caregiver Alliance
National Center on Caregiving
(415) 434-3388 l (800) 445-8106
Website: https://www.caregiver.org/
E-mail: info@caregiver.org

Family Caregiver Alliance (FCA) seeks to improve the quality of life for caregivers through education, services, research and advocacy.

(Video) FCA Presents: An interview with Kathy Kelly about a new study on family caregiving. (Updated)

FCA’s National Center on Caregiving offers advice and information on current social, public policy and caregiving issues and provides assistance in the development of public and private caregiver support programs.

For residents of the greater San Francisco Bay Area, FCA provides direct family support services for caregivers of those with Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, ALS, brain injury, Parkinson’s and other chronic health conditions that strike adults.

This fact sheet was prepared by the National Center on Caregiving at Family Caregiver Alliance and was reviewed by Phyllis Mutschler, Ph.D., Executive Director, National Center on Women and Aging, Brandeis University. Funded by the Archstone Foundation. May 2003 © Family Caregiver Alliance. All rights reserved.


What is the largest group of family caregivers? ›

Spouses: This is the largest group of caregivers. Most are also older, and have their own health problems. It is important that these individuals do not forget to take care of themselves, as well as their loved ones.

Are women better caregivers than men? ›

These attitudes and attachments lead women to devote greater time to caregiving compared to men, serving not only as caregiver but also as hands-on health provider, care manager, friend, companion, surrogate decision-maker, and advocate.

What are the 5 important traits that a caregiver must have? ›

Here are some of the best traits that every caregiver should have:
  • Patience. Those who provide home care to others need to be patient. ...
  • Compassion. When someone has compassion for another they have an understanding of what the person is going through.
  • Attentiveness. ...
  • Dependability. ...
  • Trustworthiness.

What are the statistics regarding caregiving in the United States? ›

How Many Caregivers in the U.S.? Approximately 43.5 million caregivers have provided unpaid care to an adult or child in the last 12 months.

What are 4 types of caregivers? ›

Are you looking for a caregiver? Then you should know your options. In general, there are four types of caregivers: Home Health Care, Assisted Living Facilities, Nursing Homes, and Adult Daycare Centers.

What are the 2 common stresses as caregiver? ›

Studies show that 30 to 40% of dementia caregiver suffer from both depression and emotional stress. Caregivers report that they are stressed and frustrated. 16% of caregivers are emotionally strained, while 26% state that taking care of their loved one is had on them emotionally.

Why are women always the caretakers? ›

Women appear to be more concerned about the emotional well-being of the people they provide care for. This attachment often motivates them to engage in caregiving[20,38,61-63].

Why are women more caregivers? ›

According to social role theory, women are viewed as being responsible for caregiving tasks. Especially women born in the first half of the 20th century have learned to nurture and care from childhood on (Stoller, 1992). Women and men internalize gender norms and come to view caring as women's work (Glauber, 2016).

What percentage of women are the primary caregivers? ›

Our estimates are verified against BLS, Census, and current job openings data for accuracy. After extensive research and analysis, Zippia's data science team found that: There are over 5,085 primary caregivers currently employed in the United States. 70.8% of all primary caregivers are women, while 29.2% are men.

What are your three main strengths as a caregiver? ›

Compassion – The ability to translate empathic feelings into action (desire to alleviate suffering). Optimism – Expect a favourable or positive outcome. Confidence – Sure of one's self and one's abilities.

What are the 6 responsibilities of a caregiver? ›

Take a look at these top caregiver responsibilities:
  • Assess medical needs. Checking on your senior loved one's health is an important caregiver responsibility. ...
  • Prepare a care plan. ...
  • Assist with basic needs. ...
  • Provide companionship. ...
  • Help with housekeeping. ...
  • Monitor medications. ...
  • Assess your care plan regularly. ...
  • Prepare meals.
5 Nov 2020

What percent of family caregivers provide care for a parent? ›

36% of family caregivers care for a parent and 7 out of 10 caregivers are caring for loved ones over 50 years old.

Are majority of caregivers female? ›

Women account for almost two-thirds of caregivers providing 20 or more hours of care per week. Caregivers perform a variety of tasks that range in level of intensity and in degree of emotional and physical demands on them.

What is the percentage of family caregivers? ›

22.3% of adults reported providing care or assistance to a friend or family member in the past 30 days. 24.4% of adults aged 45 to 64 years are caregivers compared to 18.8% of adults aged 65 years and older. One in four (25.4%) women are caregivers compared to one in five (18.9%) men.

What is the most difficult part of being a caregiver? ›

Here are 5 challenges faced by caregivers.
  • Isolation. Being a caregiver can be extremely time-intensive, particularly for caregivers who also maintain a job in addition to their caregiving responsibilities. ...
  • Caregiver burnout. ...
  • Little to no professional resources. ...
  • Financial strain. ...
  • Lack of support.

What type of income is a caregiver? ›

Usually, the caregiver will be classified as your household employee, and you will be required to provide them with a W-2.

What do caregivers need most? ›

Carla Johnson: Care givers need love and respect for what they do. They also need someone to listen to their needs without passing judgment or giving them advice. They need a little time for themselves as well.

What are 3 signs of caregiver stress? ›

Signs of caregiver stress
  • Feeling overwhelmed or constantly worried.
  • Feeling tired often.
  • Getting too much sleep or not enough sleep.
  • Gaining or losing weight.
  • Becoming easily irritated or angry.
  • Losing interest in activities you used to enjoy.
  • Feeling sad.
  • Having frequent headaches, bodily pain or other physical problems.

What are the 5 types of caregivers? ›

The most common type of caregiver is the family caregiver: someone who takes care of a family member without pay. The other types are professional, independent, private, informal, and volunteer caregivers.

Why do caregivers get angry? ›

Sometimes, as a caregiver, you feel that you can't do anything right or that things just don't go as planned no matter what you do or how hard you try. And if you are tired, you are more likely to get frustrated. Frustration may lead to stress eating, substance abuse, and a higher likelihood of losing your temper.

How can the role of a caregiver impact women's lives? ›

An estimated 20 percent of working women who are caring for their parents also provide financial support to them. Women who care for family members are 2.5 times more likely to live in poverty as compared to non-caregivers.

Who is more caring man or woman? ›

In self-report questionnaires, women do, in general, report experiencing more compassion in their lives than men report doing. There may be a number of reasons why they report it more. Differences in compassion expression in men and women are probably in large part due to different socialization processes.

Are women better carers? ›

There is the common myth that women are better carers, and whilst there are certain personality traits that may support such notions (i.e. nurturance), there is no conclusive evidence that women make better carers than men.

Who is most impacted by caregiver burden? ›

Caregiver burden is usually experienced by those who provide long-term care to others [37]. Goldstein et al. [46] described caregivers with restricted social networks are more prone to feeling burdened, which is consistent with the finding reported in previous studies [15,47].

What are your 5 Weaknesses? ›

Examples of Weaknesses.

Shyness. Lack of knowledge of particular software. Public speaking. Taking criticism.

How do I pass a caregiver interview? ›

Being a caregiver requires skills like having technical medical abilities and being a highly organized and detail-oriented worker.
Caregiver interview tips
  1. Be friendly and neat.
  2. Provide your resume with licenses and credentials.
  3. Express concern for the person who needs care.

Can you name 5 key duties of a care assistant? ›

Care Assistants frequently check up on patients to monitor their vital signs, help them move from place to place, deliver meals, feed patients, help them use the toilet and bathe. They communicate with patients about their symptoms and needs, reporting changes or concerns to other members of the patient's care team.

Is caregiving a hard job? ›

Because being a caregiver is so hard, your health can suffer. You may feel stressed or overwhelmed by being a caregiver. You may find that you spend much of your time caring for others but neglect your own health. Some of the tasks of being a caregiver can put extra strain on your body.

What do caregivers wear? ›

Scrubs, the term used to describe uniforms that are worn by many caregivers and medical professionals, dates back many years and started with the nurses and doctors who had to “scrub in” before entering a surgical unit. Today, scrubs are worn as uniforms everywhere caregiving happens.

What are the skills being a caregiver? ›

Empathy, patience, kindness and respect. An understanding of different clients' needs. Communication skills necessary to interact with a variety of clients and their families. Ability to effectively manage the demands of the job.

What state pays the most for family caregivers? ›

State-by-state caregiver compensation comparison
RankStateAll occupations annual mean wage
1North Dakota$52,450
3South Dakota$44,960
41 more rows
8 Jun 2021

How many hours does caregiver work a day? ›

Therefore you will need to pay your caregiver for 40 regular hours and 8 overtime hours. Your loved one needs 24/7 care, which requires you to hire a live-in caregiver. They work about 12 hours per day so their paycheck is calculated based on 84 hours per week.

What age group is most prevalent in home care? ›

Most people aged 50-79 prefer at-home care as they age, but nearly all—91%—have not proactively researched the care they may need as they age and 34% have not thought about their care needs as they grow older.

What are the demographics of caregivers? ›

The average age of an employed family caregiver is 46 years old. The most common ethnicity of family caregivers is White (63.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (16.0%), Black or African American (9.9%) and Asian (7.2%). In 2021, women earned 98% of what men earned. 6% of all family caregivers are LGBT.

What are the 6 different types of a caregiver? ›

6 Types of Caregivers: How to Find the Right Kind of Caregiver
  • In-Home Caregivers. If you're looking for an in-home caregiver for yourself or a loved one, you should know there are different types. ...
  • Hospice Caregivers. ...
  • Virtual Caregivers. ...
  • Adult Daycare Centers. ...
  • Nursing Homes. ...
  • Assisted Living Facilities.

How many family caregivers are there in the US? ›

Today, more than one in five Americans (21.3 percent) are caregivers, having provided care to an adult or child with special needs at some time in the past 12 months. This totals an estimated 53.0 million adults in the United States, up from the estimated 43.5 million caregivers in 2015.

What percentage of today's family caregivers are millennials? ›

Twenty percent of caregivers are new to the role, and 60% of them are Gen Z or millennials, according to a survey from Embracing Careers.

Is caregiving a stressful job? ›

Caregiver stress is due to the emotional and physical strain of caregiving. Caregivers report much higher levels of stress than people who are not caregivers. Many caregivers are providing help or are "on call" almost all day. Sometimes, this means there is little time for work or other family members or friends.

Which is the largest family group? ›

Walmart Inc.

Who is the primary caregivers of a family? ›

A primary caregiver is someone who's faced with the duty of taking care of a friend or loved one who is no longer able to care for themselves. Primary caregivers may be caring for children, a senior, a spouse with a terminal illness, or any friend or family member who requires assistance with daily activities.

What are family caregivers called? ›

Family caregivers (also known as “carers”) are “relatives, friends, or neighbors who provide assistance related to an underlying physical or mental disability for at-home care delivery and assist in the activities of daily living (ADLs) who are unpaid and have no formal training to provide those services.”

What percentage of family caregivers are men? ›

70.7% of all family caregivers are women, while 29.3% are men. The average age of an employed family caregiver is 46 years old. The most common ethnicity of family caregivers is White (63.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (16.0%), Black or African American (9.9%) and Asian (7.2%).

Which man has most wife? ›

With heavy heart, Mizoram bid farewell to Mr. Zion-a (76), believed to head the world's largest family, with 38 wives and 89 children. Mizoram and his village at Baktawng Tlangnuam has become a major tourist attraction in the state because of the family.

What family size is happiest? ›

Grow your family to at least four children! According to a study out of Australia's Edith Cowan University, parents with the most life satisfaction (which means those who are the happiest) are those that have four or more children.

What is the biggest family in the world 2022? ›

The top 10 richest families in 2022 by estimated wealth are:
  • The Waltons with $212 billion24.
  • The Mars family with $142 billion.
  • The Kochs with $124 billion.
  • The Hermès family with $112 billion.
  • The Sauds with $100 billion.
  • The Ambanis with $94 billion.
  • The Wertheimers with $62 billion.
  • The Johnsons with $61 billion.

When Should a caregiver give up? ›

Signs such as avoiding the loved one, anger, fatigue, depression, impaired sleep, poor health, irritability or that terrible sense that there is “no light at the end of the tunnel” are warnings that the caregiver needs time off and support with caregiving responsibilities.

What is the difference between caregiving and caregiver? ›

Caregiver is a noun that means one who supports another person. This support could be physical, as in the case of the elderly or disabled, emotional, or psychological, as in the context of many caring professions. Caregiving is a profession in the field of human services.


1. Challenges of Aging and Caregiving in the LGBT Community: A Guide for Providers and Professionals
(Family Caregiver Alliance)
2. Aging And Intimacy: For Older Adults and Family Caregivers
(Family Caregiver Alliance)
3. Called to Care® | A Program For Family Caregivers
(Johns Hopkins Medicine)
4. Caregivers for Family Members: What You Need To Know
(Aging Media Show)
5. An Elderly Mother and an Aging Son: A Journalist's Caregiving Story
(Family Caregiver Alliance)
6. Mental Illness and Caregiving | With Melissa Duncan & Jihan Gabart
(SHE RECOVERS Foundation)
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